Nutmeg Oil

Nutmeg Oil

Myristica fragrans Houtt.

The nutmeg tree, Myristica fragrans is indigenous to the Moluccas, Indonesia. The fruit contains a nut, which is covered by a hard shell. A red coloured webbing (known as mace) covers the shell. Once ripe the fruit will open revealing the mace and will fall to the ground to be collected or it can be picked just before falling. The mace will be carefully removed leaving the nutmeg (nut) available to be ground and processed.

The oil is extracted from the ‘nut’ by steam distillation after the grinding of the nutmeg.

The nutmeg is slightly sweeter than mace making the dry or ground spice a favourite in many culinary dishes. As an essential oil it is extensively used in perfumery and pharmaceuticals as well as a natural flavouring for baked goods, beverages, syrups and sweets.

Indonesia exports around 350-400MT of nutmeg oil each year which accounts for around 80% of the global production. Today the product is predominately plantation harvested.

Product Details

Product Details

  • Botanical name: Myristica fragrans Houtt.
  • Origin: Indonesia
  • Crop Season: All Year
  • Plant/part used: Whole Fruit
  • Method of extraction: Distillation
  • TSCA CAS: 8008-45-5
  • EINECS CAS: 84082-68-8
  • EINECS: 282-013-3
  • INCI Name: Myristica fragrans (Nutmeg) kernel Oil
  • Appearance: Colorless to yellow mobile liquid
  • Organoleptic Properties: Spicy woody nutmeg powdery terpene.
  • Density: 0.883 – 0.923
  • Refractive index: 1.474 – 1.488
  • Optical rotation: +8º to +30º
  • Chemical constituents: Pinene, Sabinene, Limonene, Eugenol, Geraniol, Terpenene, Terpineol, Myristicin, Safrol.
  • Fragrance usage:: max. 2%
  • Flavor usage:: max. 640 ppm
  • REACH: Registered


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