Fir Needle Oil
Abies sibirica Ledeb.
Fir Needle Siberian essential oil (Abies sibirica) is a coniferous evergreen coming from the Pinus type of tree that grows in wide areas of Russia where it is processed and distilled. It is also found in abundance in Turkestan, northeast Xinjiang, Mongolia and Heilongjiang.
All the important parts of this plant come from within the needles. The essential oil is produced through steam distillation with typical yields of around 0,80 to 1,25%. Once the oil is extracted it can be used for a number of application for its perceived health benefits. The combination of tricyclene, a-pinene, borneol, limonene, acetate, and myrcene all combine for some impressive benefits. Some of these include use as an antiseptic, a pain relief (by bringing blood to the skins surface when damaged), detoxifying the body (by increasing the performance of the liver) and many other impressive features.
As an ingredient in fragrances, fir needle is known for its balsamic and woody notes and is a relatively inexpensive ingredient in this family.
In late 2015 fir needle supply became limited due to harvested restrictions in the Siberia region. These restrictions reduced output to less than 50% of the normal which encouraged the introduction of alternative qualities from other Baltic States. It is now thought that much of the material in the market is a natural blend of the two origins in an attempt to standardise quality and keep prices at a reasonable level.
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- Botanical name: Abies sibirica Ledeb.
- Origin: Russia
- Crop Season: April – September
- Plant/part used: Needles & Twigs
- Method of extraction: Steam distillation
- TSCA CAS: 8021-29-2
- EINECS CAS: 91697-89-1
- EINECS: 294-351-9
- Appearance: Colorless to slightly yellow
- Organoleptic Properties: Fresh dry fir forest earthy woody
- Density: 0.890-0.915
- Refractive index: 1.460-1.480
- Optical rotation: -45º to -30º
- Chemical constituents: Camphene, Pinene, Bornyl acetate, Limonene, Delta-3-carene
- Fragrance usage:: max. 12%
- Flavor usage:: max.10%