Ajwain oil, also known as carom oil, is derived from the seeds of the Ajwain plant (Trachyspermum ammi) through steam distillation. The oil is a pale yellow liquid with a characteristic pungent, herbaceous aroma. Its main constituents include thymol, para-cymene, gamma-terpinene, and alpha-pinene, which provide the oil with its antifungal, antiseptic, and antiviral properties. Ajwain oil is commonly used in aromatherapy for its ability to relieve digestive issues like flatulence and constipation, as well as respiratory problems such as asthma and bronchitis. It is also used in skincare and haircare formulations due to its antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties.
Ajwain oil has been extensively studied for its medicinal properties and has been found to exhibit antifungal activity against various species of fungi, including Candida albicans, Aspergillus niger, and Fusarium oxysporum. It also has antiseptic properties that make it effective in treating infections caused by bacteria like Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. Additionally, ajwain oil is a potent insecticidal agent and is used as a natural alternative to synthetic insecticides.
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- Botanical name: Trachspermum ammi
- Origin: India
- Method of extraction: Steam-Distillation
- CAS: 8001-99-8-73-41
- EINECS: 294-681-3
- Appearance: Yellow to Yellowish Brown liquid having characteristic odor.
- Density: 0.895 – 0.920 @25°C
- Refractive index: 1.498 – 1.504 @20°C
- Optical rotation: 0° to +5°
- Uses: Fragrance and Flavour application
- Stability: Avoid strong oxidizing agents, strong acids and all oxidizing agents.
- Legislation: Natural
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