Galbanum oil is an essential oil derived from the resinous gum of the Ferula galbaniflua plant. It is primarily composed of various sesquiterpenes, including β-pinene, α-pinene, limonene, cadinene, and myrcene. The oil is obtained through steam distillation of the resin, which is extracted from the plant’s stems and roots.
Galbanum oil possesses a unique aromatic profile characterized by a green, earthy, and woody scent, often described as balsamic or medicinal. It is commonly used in perfumery and fragrance applications as a middle to base note due to its long-lasting and fixative properties.
In addition to its olfactory benefits, galbanum oil has been attributed with various therapeutic properties. It is believed to possess anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, and analgesic properties, making it useful in traditional medicine for relieving muscle aches, rheumatism, and joint pain. The oil is also considered to have expectorant properties, aiding in the treatment of respiratory conditions like coughs and bronchitis.
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CAS #: 8023-91-4
EINECS #: 296-925-4
FEMA #: 2501
Botanical Name: Ferula galbaniflua
Description: Colorless to pale yellow mobile liquid with a characteristic odor.
Origin: Obtained through steam distillation from the plant Ferula galbaniflua.
Appearance: Colorless to pale yellow liquid.
Physical Status: Liquid.
Flash Point (Closed cup): 43°C.
Refractive Index: 1.478 – 1.485 at 20°C.
Relative Density: 0.867 – 0.890 at 20°C.
Optical Rotation: +7° to +17°.